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External Wall Construction
External wall ratings are the same for the following building types:
Domestic, Health, Commercial, Retail, Industrial, Education
Functional unit for External Walls:
1m² of external wall construction, to satisfy current Building Regulations, and a U value of 0.3 W/m²K. Where relevant, the specification will also include an internal wall finish.
Variation for retail/industrial
1m² of external wall construction, to satisfy current Building Regulations, and a U value of 0.3 W/m²K.
Perhaps more than any decision facing the designer, the choice of the external wall specification is subject to the widest range of practical, economic and visual considerations, some of which may be beyond the control of the design team.
External walls can have a significant contribution to the impacts of the building. The external wall can also account for around 30% of building costs. External wall specifications include a diverse range of construction types and materials; it is therefore no surprise that a wide range of environmental impacts is exhibited with this element.
External wall specifications have been arranged into four generic groupings in order to make access to information easier. However, ratings are based on comparative performance across all the options, as set out below:
Solid Concrete Block Densities have been assigned as follows:
Dense block/blockwork (≈1950 kg/m³)
Medium density block/blockwork (≈1450 kg/m³)
Lightweight block/blockwork (≈1100 kg/m³)
Super Lightweight block/blockwork (≈850 kg/m³)
BREEAM Schemes to which this element applies:
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